How To Make Apple Trees Grow Faster

Understanding Apple Tree Growth: The Basics

Apple tree growth is a fascinating process influenced by various factors, including genetics, environment, and care. To make apple trees grow faster, it is crucial to comprehend these factors and provide optimal conditions for growth. The growth rate of apple trees can be categorized into two primary stages: juvenile and mature.

The juvenile stage, which typically lasts between 3 to 10 years, is characterized by slow growth and the inability to produce fruit. During this stage, the tree focuses on establishing a robust root system and developing its structure. The mature stage, on the other hand, is marked by a more rapid growth rate and the onset of fruit production.

Genetics play a significant role in determining the growth rate of apple trees. Some cultivars, such as the ‘Dolgo’ Crabapple and the ‘Ein Shemer‘, are known for their fast growth. However, the growth rate can be further enhanced by providing proper care and implementing growth-promoting techniques.

Proper care and maintenance, including regular watering, fertilizing, and pruning, are essential for expediting apple tree growth. By adhering to a consistent care routine, you can create an environment that supports rapid growth and fosters a healthy, thriving apple tree.

Selecting the Ideal Apple Tree Variety: A Crucial Step

When embarking on the journey to make apple trees grow faster, selecting the right variety is a critical first step. Some apple tree cultivars are renowned for their rapid growth, making them an excellent choice for those eager to enjoy the fruits of their labor sooner.

The ‘Dolgo’ Crabapple is a popular fast-growing variety, known for its hardiness and adaptability to various climates. This cultivar can grow up to 2 feet per year, reaching a mature height of 20 to 30 feet. The ‘Dolgo’ Crabapple is also highly resistant to diseases and pests, making it a low-maintenance option for growers.

Another swift-growing apple tree variety is the ‘Ein Shemer‘. This Israeli cultivar is well-suited for warm climates and can grow up to 2 feet per year. The ‘Ein Shemer’ is also characterized by its disease resistance and ability to produce fruit within 3 to 5 years of planting.

When choosing an apple tree variety, it is essential to consider the climate, soil conditions, and desired growth rate. By selecting a fast-growing cultivar, you can significantly reduce the time it takes to enjoy a bountiful apple harvest.

Planting Your Apple Tree: Tips for Optimal Growth

Planting an apple tree is an exciting endeavor, and following the proper steps can significantly enhance its growth rate. The ideal time for planting apple trees is in the late winter or early spring, when the trees are still dormant. This timing allows the tree to establish its root system before the onset of the growing season.

Preparing the soil is crucial for optimal apple tree growth. Choose a location with well-draining soil, as standing water can lead to root rot and other diseases. Enrich the soil with organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, to improve its structure and fertility. Aim for a soil pH between 6.0 and 6.5, as apple trees prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil.

When planting your apple tree, dig a hole that is approximately two to three times wider than the root ball and slightly shallower than the root ball’s height. This spacious planting hole allows the roots to spread out and establish more easily. Place the tree in the hole, ensuring that the graft union (the swollen area where the scion meets the rootstock) is at least 2 inches above the soil line. Backfill the hole with the enriched soil, tamping it down gently to remove air pockets.

After planting, water the apple tree thoroughly, providing enough moisture to saturate the entire root zone. A deep watering encourages the roots to grow downward, promoting stability and resilience. Regular watering is essential during the first few growing seasons, as the tree establishes its root system.

Nurturing Your Apple Tree: Essential Care and Maintenance

Regular care and maintenance play a vital role in making apple trees grow faster and ensuring their overall health. Implementing a consistent care routine can significantly impact the growth rate and yield of your apple tree.

Watering is a crucial aspect of apple tree care. While apple trees are relatively drought-tolerant, consistent moisture is essential for optimal growth. Aim to provide your apple tree with approximately 1 inch of water per week, adjusting for rainfall and soil conditions. Water deeply, ensuring that the moisture reaches the entire root zone. This deep watering encourages the roots to grow downward, promoting stability and resilience.

Fertilizing your apple tree is another essential maintenance task. A balanced, slow-release fertilizer, applied in the early spring, can provide the necessary nutrients for optimal growth. Be cautious not to over-fertilize, as excessive nutrients can lead to reduced growth and increased susceptibility to pests and diseases.

Pruning is a vital technique for promoting apple tree growth and fruit production. Regularly removing dead, diseased, or damaged branches allows the tree to direct its energy towards new growth. Pruning also encourages the development of a strong, balanced structure, which can improve fruit yield and quality. Aim to prune your apple tree in the late winter or early spring, when the tree is still dormant.

Combating Common Apple Tree Ailments: Preventative Measures

Apple trees, like all living organisms, are susceptible to various diseases and pests. Implementing preventative measures can help protect your apple tree from these threats, ensuring its health and promoting faster growth. Early detection and intervention are crucial for managing and treating apple tree ailments effectively.

One common apple tree disease is apple scab, caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis. Symptoms include dark, velvety spots on leaves and fruit, which can lead to premature leaf drop and reduced fruit yield. To prevent apple scab, maintain good air circulation around the tree, remove infected leaves, and apply a fungicide in the early spring. Regularly monitoring your apple tree for signs of apple scab can help you catch and treat the disease early, minimizing its impact on growth.

Powdery mildew is another fungal disease that can affect apple trees. Characterized by white, powdery spots on leaves and shoots, powdery mildew can lead to reduced growth and fruit production. To prevent powdery mildew, ensure your apple tree receives adequate sunlight, water the tree at its base rather than from above, and remove infected leaves. If necessary, apply a fungicide to control the spread of the disease.

Pests, such as the codling moth and apple maggot, can also pose a threat to apple trees. These insects lay their eggs on or near developing fruit, and the larvae burrow into the fruit, causing damage and reducing yield. To prevent pest infestations, regularly inspect your apple tree for signs of damage, remove and destroy affected fruit, and consider using organic or chemical pesticides. Maintaining a clean, debris-free area around the tree can also help reduce the likelihood of pest infestations.

Utilizing Growth-Promoting Techniques: Grafting and Budding

Grafting and budding are advanced horticultural techniques that can significantly expedite apple tree growth and improve fruit production. By combining the desirable traits of two separate plants, these methods allow growers to create a superior apple tree with accelerated growth and enhanced yields.


Grafting is a technique that involves joining two plant parts, typically a scion (the top portion of a tree, including the branches and leaves) and a rootstock (the bottom portion, including the roots). The scion and rootstock are carefully cut and joined, allowing the cambium layers (the thin, living tissue just inside the bark) to grow together and form a single, integrated plant. Grafting can be performed using various techniques, such as whip and tongue, cleft, and saddle grafting.

Grafting offers several benefits for apple tree growers, including faster growth, improved disease resistance, and increased fruit yield. By selecting a fast-growing rootstock, you can significantly reduce the time it takes for your apple tree to reach maturity. Additionally, grafting allows you to combine the desirable traits of two different apple tree varieties, such as disease resistance and fruit quality, creating a superior tree that better meets your growing objectives.


Budding is a variation of grafting that involves transplanting a single bud from one apple tree to another. This technique is typically performed during the summer months, when the bark is more easily separated from the wood. Budding is often preferred over grafting due to its higher success rate and the reduced time required to complete the process.

Like grafting, budding can provide several benefits for apple tree growers, including faster growth, improved disease resistance, and increased fruit yield. By selecting a fast-growing rootstock and a high-quality scion, you can create a robust and productive apple tree that meets your specific growing needs.

To perform grafting or budding, you will need a few specialized tools, such as a grafting knife, grafting tape, and a budding strip or wax. Detailed instructions for these techniques can be found in various horticultural resources, including books, websites, and video tutorials.

Monitoring Apple Tree Growth: Tracking Progress and Setting Goals

Monitoring the growth of your apple tree is crucial for understanding its development, identifying potential issues, and setting realistic goals. By regularly measuring the tree’s height and trunk diameter, you can track its progress and make informed decisions regarding care and maintenance. Maintaining growth records also allows you to evaluate the effectiveness of various techniques and adjust your approach as needed.

Measuring Tree Height

To measure the height of your apple tree, you will need a sturdy ladder, a measuring tape, and a partner to assist you. Position the ladder at a safe distance from the tree, ensuring that it does not obstruct your view or pose a risk to your safety. Have your partner hold one end of the measuring tape at the base of the tree, while you extend the tape to the topmost point of the tree. Record the height and compare it to previous measurements to track growth over time.

Measuring Trunk Diameter

Measuring the trunk diameter of your apple tree can provide valuable insights into its overall health and growth rate. To measure the trunk diameter, locate the widest point of the trunk, typically near the base. Wrap a flexible measuring tape around the trunk, ensuring that it is level and snug but not overly tight. Record the diameter in inches or centimeters and compare it to previous measurements to assess growth.

Maintaining Growth Records

Maintaining a record of your apple tree’s growth can help you identify patterns, set realistic goals, and evaluate the effectiveness of various techniques. Create a simple spreadsheet or journal to track the tree’s height and trunk diameter over time. Include additional notes regarding weather conditions, care and maintenance activities, and any observed changes in the tree’s health or appearance. Regularly review your growth records to gain a better understanding of your apple tree’s development and make informed decisions regarding its care.

Patience and Persistence: The Keys to Success

Growing apple trees is a long-term endeavor, and while various techniques can help expedite the process, patience and persistence are essential for achieving optimal growth. Understanding that the growth of apple trees is largely dependent on natural factors and time can help you maintain realistic expectations and appreciate the journey of nurturing your tree from a small sapling to a mature, fruit-bearing plant.

While it may be tempting to focus solely on methods for accelerating growth, it is crucial to remember that a healthy, well-cared-for apple tree will ultimately yield the best results. Regular care and maintenance, such as watering, fertilizing, and pruning, play a significant role in promoting growth and ensuring the overall health of your tree. By investing time and effort into these essential tasks, you can create an environment that supports the natural growth process and encourages your apple tree to thrive.

Additionally, it is essential to recognize that the growth rate of apple trees can be influenced by factors beyond your control, such as weather conditions, soil composition, and genetic predisposition. While you can take steps to mitigate the impact of these factors, such as amending the soil or selecting a fast-growing variety, ultimately, you must trust in the natural growth process and allow your apple tree to develop at its own pace.

In conclusion, while there are various techniques and methods available for making apple trees grow faster, patience and persistence are the true keys to success. By focusing on the fundamentals of apple tree growth, selecting the ideal variety, providing proper care and maintenance, and monitoring progress, you can create the conditions necessary for your apple tree to flourish. With time, dedication, and a commitment to nurturing your tree, you will be rewarded with a healthy, thriving apple tree that provides delicious fruit for years to come.